Shorter working condition period

To qualify for earnings-related daily allowance, you must fulfil the working condition of 26 calendar weeks. The corona epidemic has caused a break in building up the 26 weeks of working condition for many people who were working. The temporary changes to the law mean that we can make an exception and apply a working condition of 13 calendar weeks. For this reason, you may qualify for income security even if you have not been working for six months (the normal working condition).

Entry into force

  • Issued to Parliament on 2 April 2020
  • Approved in Parliament on 9 April 2020
  • Presented to the President on 9 April 2020
  • Valid from 15 April 2020 to 31 December 2020
  • Applicable from 16 March 2020 to 31 December 2020

Shorter working condition period and qualification period for membership

According to the temporary change to the law, the employee's working condition is 13 calendar weeks. This only applies to you if you have not worked for full 26 calendar weeks. In other words, you cannot choose which working condition is applied to you. We start by using the working condition of 26 calendar weeks, and if you do not have it, we check to see if you have worked for 13 calendar weeks. To qualify for the exception, you must have worked at least one working week that fulfils the working condition after 1 March 2020.

The same change was also made to the working condition of condition of entrepreneurs’ family members. Normally, their working condition period is 52 calendar weeks, but now it is 26 calendar weeks.

When we apply the shorter working condition, we also apply a shorter qualification period for membership. Normally, an employee must have been a member of the unemployment fund for at least 26 weeks before they may be entitled to an earnings-related daily allowance. When the shorter working condition is applied, the membership requirement is also reduced to 13 calendar weeks.

Purpose of the changes to law

The purpose of the temporary, shorter working condition is to make sure that you can have an earnings-related daily allowance when your original employment relationship is cut short because of the corona epidemic or when it is difficult to find a new job. However, this is an exception. This means that the shorter working condition is not applied when we assess whether you fulfil the working condition again, or if you have not used up the maximum period.

EXAMPLE 1: WE START TO APPLY THE LAW

  • You have worked for 13 calendar weeks and fulfil the working condition
  • You become unemployed or you are laid off on 16 March and the maximum period for the daily allowance begins
  • Your last working week that fulfils the working condition was after 1 March, so the shorter working condition can be applied to you.
  • You have worked for 13 weeks and fulfil the working condition, so you are entitled to the earnings-related daily allowance
  • We can pay you earnings-related daily allowance if there are no other obstacles

EXAMPLE 2: THE EXCEPTION CANNOT BE APPLIED

  • You have worked for 12 calendar weeks
  • You did your last working week at the end of February
  • You become unemployed or are laid off at the beginning of March
  • You have not worked for 26 weeks and the shorter working condition cannot be applied to you yet
  • We cannot pay you the earnings-related daily allowance
  • You should apply for labour market subsidy from Kela

EXAMPLE 3: WE CAN PAY WITHOUT APPLYING THE EXCEPTION

  • You have worked for 13 calendar weeks and fulfil the working condition
  • Your last working week that fulfils the working condition was after 1 March
  • You become unemployed or are laid off in mid-March
  • You were also unemployed last year, and the maximum payment period of the daily allowance will now continue from that time
  • We can pay you earnings-related daily allowance if there are no other obstacles
  • However, we will not calculate your daily allowance again, and your maximum payment period will not start from the beginning because of the shorter working condition

EXAMPLE 4: WE CAN APPLY THE EXCEPTION WHEN THE MAXIMUM PAYMENT PERIOD ENDS

  • You become unemployed or are laid off in mid-March
  • You were also unemployed at some point earlier, and the maximum payment period of the daily allowance will now continue from that time
  • You work part-time and fulfil the 13-week working condition
  • We will not calculate your daily allowance again, and your maximum payment period will not start from the beginning because of the shorter working condition, as your maximum payment period has not ended
  • The maximum payment period will end on 11 May. 
  • We will calculate the daily allowance again based on the shorter working condition, and the maximum payment period will start from the beginning 12 May

EXAMPLE 5: You receive basic unemployment allowance from KELA

  • You become unemployed or are laid off in mid-March
  • You were also unemployed at some point earlier, and you received basic unemployment allowance from Kela. Kela will also pay you basic unemployment allowance now
  • You work part-time and fulfil the 13-week working condition
  • We will not calculate your daily allowance again, and your maximum payment period will not start from the beginning because of the shorter working condition, as the maximum payment period for basic unemployment allowance has not ended
  • The maximum payment period for basic unemployment allowance will end on 11 May 2020 
  • We will calculate the earnings-related daily allowance again based on the shorter working condition, and the maximum payment period for earnings-related daily allowance will start on 12 May 2020

EXAMPLE 6: WE WILL STOP APPLYING THE EXCEPTION ON 6 JULY 2020

  • You become unemployed or are laid off in mid-March
  • You were also unemployed at some point earlier, and the maximum payment period of the daily allowance will now continue from that time
  • You work part-time and fulfil the 13-week working condition
  • We will not calculate your daily allowance again, and your maximum payment period will not start from the beginning because of the shorter working condition, as your maximum payment period has not ended
  • The maximum payment period will end on 31 December 2020 and, if you fulfil the working condition, a new maximum payment period would start on 1 January 2021
  • We cannot apply the shortened working condition stated in temporary law
  • We cannot pay the allowance because you do not fulfil the normal working condition of 26 calendar weeks
  • If you are still unemployed or laid off, apply for labour market subsidy from Kela

Three EXAMPLES of situations that prevent us from applying the shorter working condition to you

  1. You meet the requirements of the normal 26-calendar-week working condition. This means that we cannot apply the shorter working condition.
  2. We can only apply the shorter 13-week working condition once.
  3. We will not calculate your daily allowance again in the middle of your maximum payment period, even if you accrue the 13 weeks of employment. This applies to the maximum payment period for earnings-related daily allowance and the basic unemployment allowance paid by Kela.

Was this useful?

Thank you! If you like, you can write more detailed feedback in the comment field below. With the help of the feedback we are able to further improve our sites.

Thank you for your feedback! If you like, you can write in more detail about the type of information you would have needed in the comment field below. With the help of the feedback we are able to further improve our site.