Conditions regarding membership and employment in unemployment security

Receiving unemployment security requires that you have been a member of the unemployment fund for at least 26 calendar weeks and that you have been in a paid employment for at least 26 calendar weeks during the last 28 months. This condition regarding employment is accumulated by calendar weeks during which you have worked for at least 18 hours and the salary paid to you is according to the collective agreement applied at the minimum. Read more about unemployment security.

Extending of review period

The condition regarding employment need not be accumulated without interruptions. It is possible to accumulate employments for the condition regarding employment over a review period of 28 months. Furthermore, the review period may be extended by as much as seven years, if you have an acceptable reason for absence from the labour market. It means that you are occupied in an activity due to which you are not required to be available to the labour market.

Acceptable reasons for absence from the labour market are:

  • illness, institutional care or rehabilitation
  • military service or civil service
  • full-time studying
  • birth of a child or care of a child at most three years old
  • scholarship period
  • other acceptable reason comparable to the above

When you are absent from the labour market for an acceptable reason, those periods can be skipped while examining the condition regarding employment. It requires, however, that you keep your membership in the unemployment fund valid i.e. pay you membership fee.

Example 1

Care of a child under three years old is an acceptable reason for absence from the labour market. While examining the condition regarding employment it will be skipped, which means that employment eligible for the condition regarding employment can be taken into account from the period preceding it.

Example 2

Full-time studying is also an acceptable reason for absence from the labour market. Thus you can accumulate the condition regarding employment required for earnings-related daily allowance from summer jobs during your studies. If you do not find a job right away after graduation, you can apply for earnings-related daily allowance.

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