The waiting period is a period at the beginning of unemployment during which daily allowance cannot be paid.
What is the waiting period?
When you apply for daily allowance for the first time after fulfilling the condition regarding employment, we can only pay you daily allowance when you have been an unemployed job-seeker for a period that equals five full working days during a maximum of eight consecutive calendar weeks. That period is referred to as the waiting period.
As we are in an exceptional situation due to the coronavirus epidemic, the waiting period is now five days and you may receive daily allowance for that period. Read more.
How is the waiting period calculated?
Weekends are not included in the waiting period, so the passing of five days is in practice calculated as weekdays. So if you apply for daily allowance from Wednesday on, the five-day waiting period includes Wed–Fri and Mon–Tue in the following week.
If you work part-time or have been laid off to work a shortened working day, the passing of the waiting period shall be calculated from the difference between the completed working hours and the maximum working hours. That is because the waiting period is a period that equals five full working days. In those situations the waiting period may be longer than five calendar days.
The five waiting days shall pass during a maximum of eight consecutive calendar weeks. If the waiting period of five days does not pass in full during that time, the waiting period shall start from the beginning.
Waiting period and obstacles to payment
The days for which you do not fulfil the labour policy requirements shall not be included in the waiting period. So if you are not unemployed or your job-seeking is not valid, the waiting period shall not run.
The days for which a suspension period, i.e. a period without benefits, has been imposed shall not be included in the waiting period, either.
Furthermore, the waiting period shall not run during a period in which there is some other general obstacle to the payment, such as e.g. disability or compensation corresponding to pay for the period of notice.
Can the waiting period restart?
The waiting period is set once per one maximum payment period of earnings-related daily allowance. So if you become unemployed again and there is previous maximum payment period still remaining, a new waiting period shall not be set.
The waiting period will restart, when you fulfil the condition regarding employment again and your maximum payment period starts over.
There is an exception to this rule. The waiting period shall not be set again, if the maximum payment period were to start within one year from the beginning of the previous maximum payment period, and if the waiting period has already been set at the beginning of the maximum payment period for the previous daily allowance period.
So as a general rule, the waiting period is only set at most once a year.
An exception is made by situations in which the waiting period does not pass completely during a maximum of eight calendar weeks. That may occur, for example, if you are laid off only for short periods at a time. Then the waiting period may in practice restart within a year.